What is an American or English Golden Retriever?

American and English golden’s size, color, head shape, topline, coat texture, and movement are some of the primary areas in which they differ.

People in North America have become custom to describe any Golden Retriever that looks like the Goldens bred overseas as “English”, when in fact the dog might have been bred in Scotland, Holland, Norway, Australia, Canada or even the United States, and not England at all. All Goldens descend from the same foundations that originated in Scotland in 1868 and were further developed throughout the United Kingdom (UK). However, in the United States and parts of Canada, the breed has developed a somewhat different look than it did overseas.

“English” type vs. “American” golden retriever simply refers to the dog’s structure. While American golden retriever may vary in color the English golden is known to be light cream or white. The muzzle of the English dog is wider and shorter, and broader skull making its forehead  blockier more of a bully head. Its legs are shorter, its chest is deeper, with a flatter croup, its tail is slightly shorter, and with more wavy coats seen. American golden today has a variety of types, but is generally a less angulated and somewhat lighter weight dog, with a straighter and more profuse coat than its British cousin. Many North American fanciers feel that the overseas bloodlines excel in head properties, balance, and forequarter structure; while the American bloodlines tend to excel in rear quarters, movement, and showmanship.

Due to these features, a English type usually weighs more than an American or Canadian golden retriever. The eyes of the English type are noted for their roundness and darkness, which is in contrast to the triangular or slanted composition of their American counterparts. A Golden Retriever of British breeding can have a coat colour of any shade of gold or cream.

As for English golden retrievers may be a little more lighter in color, in the US, these dogs are often mislabeled English Golden Retrievers, British Golden Retrievers, English Cream Golden Retrievers and even Rare White Golden Retrievers. In truth, in every country these dogs are simply golden retrievers and nothing more.

Due to common marketing ploys many people believe the “American” and “English” golden retrievers are a total different breed. Wrong. They are both from the same breed but from different counterparts. Golden’s came from yellow flatcoats and tweedwater spaniels. The cream gene in golden retriever is one of several hypomelanism or dilution genes form of the yellow gene. Both Golden Retrievers have the eagerness to please and are a large strongly built breed with muscular bodies. They have great endurance with a dense, water-repellant wavy coats.

The only difference between the two are breeding pools that are concentrated on different dogs. There is no one better than the other. Many other breeders may advertise their “English” Golden’s to be “Rare”, “White”, “British Whites”, “Platinum Blondes”, “Ultra Lights” etc. exploiting their dogs for profit. Many breeders will claim that the “English” Golden’s are healthier, better temperament, and having stronger longevity life span, which this is also false. The average lifespan for a Golden Retriever is about 11 to 12 years. Some may say 12-15 depending on health, nutrition and living factors. We also believe that a dog can live longer with another pet companion. Both types of Golden Retrievers are descendants of the same dogs, there are more similarities than differences. All golden’s and such have similar health problems. Owning an “American” or “English” golden retriever is more of a preference.

All of our British/English dogs are imported and are considered as “English Type Golden Retrievers”.

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